Your teeth are one of the hardest parts of your body, but that doesn’t make them invincible. Cavity causing species of bacteria convert the sugar from the food we eat into acids which demineralize and destruct the enamel of the tooth to create cavities in them. However, there are ways to help prevent cavities from forming:
1. Brush and Floss Daily
Preventive measures to any oral health problem begin with good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Use toothpaste that contains fluoride. Floss once or twice a day preferably after dinner. Flossing removes plaque from areas that the toothbrush can’t reach i.e. between your teeth and under the gum line.
2. Drink water or rinse mouth with water after eating
You can’t brush every time you eat. But you sure can drink water or at least rinse your mouth with water every time you do so. Water neutralizes the effects of acidic and sugary foods. Rinsing removes food particles left behind on/ between the teeth.
3. Eat a healthy balanced diet
A healthy balanced diet is the solution to most of our health problems. A diet high in refined carbohydrates like breads, biscuits, etc. puts you at a risk of tooth decay. Avoid sticky foods such as candies, etc. which get stuck in the pits and grooves of your teeth. Sweets and chocolates are not the only ones with sugar. Beware of ‘hidden sugars’ in food which also could cause tooth decay. Increase your daily intake of fruits and vegetables. They remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and gums.
4. Regular dental visits
Visit your dentist at least once every six months for regular check-ups; every three months if your teeth are extra susceptible to decay. We will be able to check for conditions in the mouth that may put you at risk of developing tooth decay. The initial signs of cavity can be reversed if detected early. We recommend a professional deep cleaning every two years.
5. Get sealants placed on your teeth
Placing sealants on your teeth is one of the best ways to protect the grooves and fissures of your teeth from acid and plaque buildup. We can apply protective coating called dental sealants to the biting surfaces of your back teeth.
6. Fluoride treatment
Fluoride is a mineral that can prevent tooth decay from progressing. It can even reverse, or stop, early tooth decay. Fluoride works by preventing mineral loss in tooth enamel and replaces lost minerals. It also reduces bacteria’s ability to make acid. If necessary, we can apply a highly concentrated fluoride gel or varnish to tooth surfaces.